Penjelasan tentang Specific Details dalam Penulisan Teks Deskripsi

Penjelasan tentang Specific Details dalam Penulisan Teks Deskripsi

Teks deskripsi (description text) adalah sebuah teks yang memberikan gambaran tentang suatu hal, benda, orang, dan lainnya kepada para pembaca. Dalam penulisan teks jenis ini, ada beberapa hal yang harus diperhatikan, yaitu seperti penggunaan specific details. Apakah yang dimaksud dengan specific details? Berikut ini adalah penjelasan tentang specific details dalam penulisan teks deskripsi.

A. Penulisan Teks Deskripsi

Dalam menulis sebuah teks deskripsi, kita diharuskan untuk dapat menggambarkan seperti apa sesuatu, seseorang, sebuah objek, atau sebuah tempat yang akan kita tulis.

Untuk dapat membuat sebuah teks deskripsi yang baik, terdapat dua hal yang harus diperhatikan yaitu sebagai berikut:

  1. Penggunaan space order untuk mengorganisasi tulisan deskripsi
  2. Penggunaan banyak detail deskripsi

B. Penjelasan tentang Specific Details dalam Teks Deskripsi

Salah satu hal yang harus diperhatian dalam penulisan teks deskripsi adalah penggunaan specific details. Ketika kita mendeskripsikan sesuatu, kita menggambarkannya bagaikan menggambar dengan kata – kata. Tujuan dalam penulisan teks deskripsi adalah membuat para pembaca ‘melihat’ apa yang kamu deskripsikan.

Salah satu cara untuk melakukan hal tersebut adalah dengan menggunakan banyak specific details. Specific berarti pasti / jelas / spesifik. Lawan kata dari specific adalah terlalu umum / kurang jelas. Semakin sesuatu digambarkan secara specific, para pembaca akan semakin baik dalam melihat apa yang kamu gambarkan dalam teks deskripsi melalui kata – katamu.

Perhatikan contoh berikut ini.

Vague (Ketidakjelasan) Specific (Spesifik / Jelas)
A lot of money (Banyak uang) $500,000  
A large house (Sebuah rumah yag besar) A six-bedroom, four-bathroom house (Sebuah rumah dengan enam kamar tidur, dan empat kamar mandi)
A nice car (Sebuah mobil yang bagus) A Lamborghini (Sebuah mobil Lamborgini)
Jogs a lot (Terlalu sering berlari pagi) Jogs three miles in the park every day (Berlari pagi sejauh tiga mil di taman setiap hari)
A pretty face (Wajah yang cantik) Warm brown eyes, shining black hair, and sparkling white teeth (Mata coklat yang indah, rambut hitam yang bersinar, dan gigi putih yang indah)

C. Contoh Soal tentang Specific Details

I. Add as many specific details as you can to these vague descriptions. Use present tense verbs in your sentences.

1. My uncle is large.

  1. He is about five feet tall and weighs 225 pounds.
  2. He wears size fifteen shoes.
  3. His shirts are XXX large.
  4. He can hold a basketball upide-down in one hand.

2. My boss has a nice house.

  1. ______________________________________________
  2. ______________________________________________
  3. ______________________________________________
  4. ______________________________________________

3. Carl is a bad driver.

  1. ______________________________________________
  2. ______________________________________________
  3. ______________________________________________
  4. ______________________________________________

4. The inside of the taxicab was dirty.

  1. ______________________________________________
  2. ______________________________________________
  3. ______________________________________________
  4. ______________________________________________

5. The student cafetaria was noisy and crowded.

  1. ______________________________________________
  2. ______________________________________________
  3. ______________________________________________
  4. ______________________________________________

II. Rewrite the paragraph to make the details more specific. Don’t change the first sentence. Rewrite the other sentences, and write at least ten new sentences to add specific details.

The Limousine

The limousine was quite luxurious. It was big. The outside was nice. The inside was nice. It had nice seats. It had an entertainment center. It also had food and beverages. Out ride was fun.


Write your more detailed paragraph here:

The Limousine

The limousine was quite luxurious. It was at least fifteen feet long. The inside of limousine is very spacy and it could carry about ten passengers comfortably. The outside of the limousine. _______________________

__________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

Kunci Jawaban:

I.

1. My uncle is large.

  1. He is about five feet tall and weighs 225 pounds.
  2. He wears size fifteen shoes.
  3. His shirts are XXX large.
  4. He can hold a basketball upide-down in one hand.

2. My boss has a nice house.

  1. His house has big four bedrooms.
  2. It has two swimming pools, for his children and adults.
  3. All the rooms in his house are spacy.
  4. He has mini gym in his house.

3. Carl is a bad driver.

  1. He uses phone while driving.
  2. He sometimes calls or texts someone while he is driving.
  3. He does not have a driving license.
  4. He always does not follow the traffic rules.

4. The inside of the taxicab was dirty.

  1. There are many papers on the passenger seat.
  2. There are many food packages everywhere in the taxicab.
  3. There are bottles of drinks on the passenger seat.
  4. The taxicab smells very bad.

5. The student cafetaria was noisy and crowded.

  1. There are a lot ot people in the cafetaria.
  2. Many students are in line to get the food.
  3. All the tables in the cafetaria are occupied.
  4. All students are talking to their friends when they are eating.

(Jawaban dapat bervariasi sesuai dengan kreativitas siswa)

II.

The Limousine

The limousine was quite luxurious. It was at least fifteen feet long. The inside of limousine is very spacy and it could carry about ten passengers comfortably. The outside of the limousine. …

(Jawaban dapat bervariasi sesuai dengan kreativitas siswa)

Demikianlah penjelasan tentang specific details dalam penulisan teks deskripsi. Semoga penjelasan singkat tentang specific details tersebut dapat membantu teman – teman dalam penulisan teks deskripsi dengan baik. Semoga bermanfaat!