Penjelasan tentang Concluding Sentence dalam Paragraf Bahasa Inggris serta Contohnya

Penjelasan tentang Concluding Sentence dalam Paragraf Bahasa Inggris serta Contohnya – Ada tiga bagian utama dalam sebuah paragraf bahasa Inggris, yaitu topic sentence, supporting details / supporting sentences, dan concluding sentence. Pada penjelasan kali ini kita akan membahas tentang concluding sentence. Berikut ini adalah penjelasan tentang concluding sentence dalam paragraf bahasa Inggris serta contohnya.

A. Pengertian Paragraf (Paragraph)

A paragraph is a short text consisting of at least one sentence and beginning on a new line. It usually deals with a single idea, description, topic, etc. Sebuah paragraf adalah sebuah teks singkat yang terdiri dari minimal satu kalimat dan dimulai pada baris baru. Sebuah paragraf biasanya berisi tentang sebuah ide, deskripsi, topik dan sebagainya.

B. Penjelasan tentang Concluding Sentence (Kalimat Kesimpulan)

Paragraf yang dapat berdiri sendiri biasanya memilki bagian akhir yang disebut dengan concluding sentence (kalimat kesimpulan). Sebuah kalimat kesimpulan berfungsi untuk menutup sebuah paragraf sehingga para pembaca tahu bahwa mereka sudah selesai membaca paragraf tersebut.

Catatan:

1. Terkadang sebuah concluding sentence berfungsi untuk mengingatkan para pembaca tentang poin utama dengan menyebutkan ulang topic sentence dengan kata – kata yang berbeda namun memiliki inti kalimat yang sama.

Contoh kalimat:

• In short, all people can have fun at a beach.
(Singkatnya, semua orang dapat bersenang-senang di pantai)
• To conclude, you can order three delicious Thai curry.
(Kesimpulannya, kamu dapat memesan tiga kari Thai yang enak)

2. Terkadang a concluding sentence dapat berisi rangkuman tentang poin – poin utama (main points) pada bagian isi.

Contoh kalimat:

• To summarize, you need to be friendly, self-confident, and strong to become a flight attendant.
(Kesimpulannya, kamu perlu menjadi ramah, percaya diri, dan kuat untuk menjadi seorang pramugari)
• In short, employers look for dependable and responsible team players.
(Singkatnya, para pencari kerja mencari para pekerja yang dapat dipercaya dan bertanggung jawab)

3. Jangan pernah memulai ide / hal baru dalam kalimat kesimpulan (concluding sentence). Hal yang perlu teman – teman lakukan adalah mengulang ide yang telah didiskusikan dalam isi paragraf. jangan menambahkan poin – poin baru.

Contoh concluding sentences yang salah:

• Also, flight attendants love to travel.
(Juga, para pramugari suka untuk bepergian)
• In conclusion, I hope to become a flight attendant some day.
(Untuk kesimpulannya, saya berharap untuk menjadi seorang pramugari suatu hari nanti)

C. Conclusion Signals

Gunakanlah transition signal untuk memberitahu para pembaca bahwa kalimat kesimpulan adalah kalimat terakhir dalam paragraf yang kalian tulis. Berikut ini adalah beberapa contoh conclusion signals. Perhatikanlah bahwa selalu ada tanda koma (,) setelah conclusion signals.

Conclusion Signals
To conclude,

In conclusion,

To sum up,

To summarize,

In summary,

In brief,

In short,

Indeed,

D. Contoh Soal

Read the following paragraphs. Then choose the best concluding sentence for it.

Paragraph 1

There are two reasons I love big cities. First of all, big cities are alive 24/7. Going shopping, seeing a movie, exercising at a gym, getting something to eat, or going roller skating at any time of the day or night are things you can do in big cities. Secondly, I like the anonymity in big cities. You can be completely invisible in big cities. No one watches your daily comings and goings. Your neighbors will not bother you as long as you don’t bother them. You can stay home all day or stay out all night, and no one cares.
a. In conclusion, I love big cities because you can be independent.
b. In brief, big cities attract me because there are so many things to do.
c. In short, I like big cities because of their energy and anonymity.

Paragraph 2

There are two reasons I hate big cities. Firstly, there is full of noise 24/7 in big cities. You can hear horns honking, traffic roaring, music blaring, and people talking at all hours of the day and night. It is never quite in a big city. Secondly, I hate the anonymity in big cities. No one knows or cares about you. Neighbors who lived next door to each other for many years don’t even know each others’ names. In a big city, you can feel very lonely.
a. In conclusion, big cities are noisy, lonely places to live.
b. In brief, I prefer to live in a small town, where it is quiter and people are friendlier.
c. Big cities also have a lot of crime.

Paragraph 3

The island nation of Singapore, the smallest nation in Asia, is one of the best cities in the world to live in and to visit. Firstly, Singapore is a safe country. It has a very low crime rate. At night, people can walk the streets without fear. Also, Singapore is very clean. The nation has very strong antilittering laws, so there is almost no litter anywhere. Thirdly, people in Singaporea come from many different racial, ethnic, and religious backgrounds, but they live together in peace. Finally Singapore’s economy is one of the healthiest in Asia, so its people enjoy a very high standard of living.
a. Singapore is also has many beautiful tourist spots.
b. To conclude, Singapore is a very safe, clean, and healthy city.
c. To summarize, many people come to Singapore because this city is wonderful.

Kunci Jawaban:

1. c. In short, I like big cities because of their energy and anonymity.
2. a. In conclusion, big cities are noisy, lonely places to live.
3. b. To conclude, Singapore is a safe, clean, and healthy city.

Demikianlah penjelasan tentang concluding sentence dalam paragraf bahasa Inggris serta contohnya. Semoga penjelasan tersebut dapat menambah pengetahuan bahasa Inggris. Semoga bermanfaat!