Penjelasan tentang Supporting Sentence dalam Paragraf Bahasa Inggris beserta Contohnya

Penjelasan tentang Supporting Sentence dalam Paragraf Bahasa Inggris beserta Contohnya – Dalam sebuah paragraf bahasa Inggris, ada 3 bagian utama yaitu topic sentence, supporting detail / supporting sentences, dan conclusion. Dalam penjelasan kali ini kita akan membahas tentang supporting sentences. Berikut ini adalah penjelasan tentang supporting sentences dalam paragraf bahasa Inggris beserta contohnya.

A. Pengertian Paragraf (Paragraph)

A paragraph is a short text consisting of at least one sentence and beginning on a new line. It usually deals with a single idea, description, topic, etc. Sebuah paragraf adalah sebuah teks singkat yang terdiri dari minimal satu kalimat dan dimulai pada baris baru. Sebuah paragraf biasanya berisi tentang sebuah ide, deskripsi, topik dan sebagainya.

B. Penjelasan tentang Supporting Sentence (Kalimat Pendukung)

Kalimat – kalimat yang berada di tengah paragraf bahasa Inggris disebut dengan supporting sentences (kalimat pendukung). Kalimat pendukung ini menjelaskan atau membuktikan sebuah ide dalam topic sentence. Supporting sentence (kalimat pendukung) ini merupakan bagian terbesar dalam sebuah paragraf karena dapat terdiri dari beberapa kalimat.

C. Listing-Order Transition Signals

Transition signal adalah sebuah kata atau frasa yang menunjukkan bagaimana sebuah ide berhubungan dengan ide yang lain. Dalam sebuah paragraf yang menggunakan listing-order, gunakanlah transition signals contohnya seperti First, second, dan third untuk memberitahu para pembaca bahwa kalimat tersebut memiliki poin penting / poin utama.

Berikut ini adalah contoh transition signals:

Listing-Order Signals
First,

First of all,

Second,

Third,

In addition,

Also,

Finally,

 

Also

, also.

Penjelasan:

1. Hampir semua transition signals berada di awal kalimat dan memerlukan tanda koma (,) setelah kata transition signal.

Contoh kalimat:

• First of all, you can learn another language faster than studying it at school by living in a foreign country.
(Pertama-tama, kamu dapat belajar bahasa lain lebih cepat daripada belajar di sekolah dengan tinggal di luar negeri)

• Also, new students make friends more quickly in small colleges.
(Juga, para murid dapat berteman dengan lebih cepat di tempat perkuliahan yang kecil)

• In addition, nothing is more fun than sitting with a group of friends around a big bonfire, talking, laughing, and singing in clear winter night.
(Sebagai tambahan, tidak ada yang lebih menyenangkan selain duduk dengan sekelompok teman di sekitar api unggun, berbincang, tertawa, dan bernyanyi di malam musim dingin yang terang)

2. Kata also dapat terletak di tengah – tengah kalimat (antara subjek dan kata kerja) tanpa sebuah tanda koma (,), atau terletak di akhir kalimat dengan tanda koma (,).

Contoh kalimat:

• We also like to “hang out” at the mall with ous best friends.
(Kami juga suka pergi keluar ke mall dengan teman baik kami)

• We like to “hang out” at the mall with our best friends, also.
(Kami suka pergi keluar ke mall dengan teman baik kami, juga)

D. Contoh Soal

I. Write your points in the spaces below each sentence. You do not need to write complete sentences.

1. Good roommates have three characteristics.
a) Are neat, tidy
b) Are cheerful
c) Share housework

2. College students take many kinds of tests.
a) ______________________________________
b) ______________________________________
c) ______________________________________

3. Small cars have several advantages.
a) ______________________________________
b) ______________________________________
c) ______________________________________

4. There are two reasons why big cars are safer than small cars.
a) ______________________________________
b) ______________________________________

5. A baseball player must master several skills.
a) ______________________________________
b) ______________________________________
c) ______________________________________
d) ______________________________________

6. Living with your parents has certain advantages.
a) ______________________________________
b) ______________________________________
c) ______________________________________

7. Living with your parents has certain disadvantages.
a) ______________________________________
b) ______________________________________
c) ______________________________________

II. Read the paragraph about human intelligence that follows. Add listing-order signals in the black spaces, and add commas where they are necessary.

Kinds of Intelligence

There are many kinds of intelligence. (1) ______________ there is mathematical-logical intelligence. People who have this intelligence may become mathematicians, scientists, or engineers. (2) _____________ there is linguistic intelligence. People with this kind of intelligence are good at language, so they become poets and writers. We are familiar with these two kinds of intelligence, but other kinds are not so familiar. There are (3) _____________ two other kinds of intelligence: spatial and musical kinds of intelligence. For architects and artists, spatial intelligence is necessary. Whereas musical intelligence is necessary for musicians. (4) ______________ there is kinesthetic intelligence. Athletes and dancers have kinesthetic intelligence. Personal intelligence is kind of intelligence (5) ______________ . People with personal intelligence manage people well, so they become leaderrs of society. In conclusion, there are many ways to be smart.

Kunci Jawaban:

I.
1.
a) Good roommates are neat, tidy
b) Good roommates are cheerful
c) Good roommates share housework

2.
a) They take mid-term test.
b) They take final test.
c) They take remedials.

3.
a) Small cars are faster.
b) Small cars consume less fuel.
c) Small cars take a little space in the garage.

4.
a) Big cars are more spatious.
b) Big cars are slower than small cars.

5.
a) A baseball player must have a good speed.
b) A baseball player must be good in teamwork.
c) A baseball player must be good at hitting a ball.
d) A baseball player must be good at catching a ball.

6.
a) Your parents can protect you.
b) Your mother can cook delicious foods for you.
c) You do not have to worry about taking care the house.

7.
a) Your parents may control you too much.
b) Your parents can have strict rules.
c) Your parents always tell you what to do or not to do.

II.
1. First,
2. Second,
3. Also
4. In addition,
5. , also.

Demikianlah penjelasan tentang supporting sentences dalam paragraf bahasa Inggris beserta contohnya. Penjelasan di atas diharapkan dapat dipahami oleh teman – teman. Semoga bermanfaat!